Monday, October 14, 2019

What Causes Brain Hemorrhages?

Brain Model
Image: unsplash.com

Dr. Zachary Lutsky, a board-certified emergency medicine physician in California, received his MD from the Chicago Medical School at Rosalind Franklin University over 10 years ago. Since then, Dr. Zachary Lutsky has practiced medicine at such institutions as Cedars-Sinai Medical Center and Santa Clara Valley Medical, and become familiar with a range of subjects, such as dangerous headaches.

A severe headache that comes on suddenly is one symptom of brain hemorrhages. Brain hemorrhage refers to bleeding in the brain and are a type of stroke. They occur when an artery in the brain bursts or when blood pools in an area of the brain as a result of swelling in the brain tissue.

There are several potential causes of a brain hemorrhage, but the most common cause is high blood pressure. High blood pressure is a chronic condition that weakens the walls of blood vessels over time. This makes the vessels more likely to burst, thus resulting in a brain hemorrhage.

High blood pressure is far from the only potential cause of brain hemorrhages. In fact, any condition that weakens the arteries or blood vessels increases a person’s risk of this condition. This includes certain cancers that spread to the brain, aneurysms, and arteriovenous malformation (AVM), a congenital condition characterized by abnormal connections between veins and arteries.

While brain hemorrhages are more common in older adults, they can occur in those younger than 50 due to head trauma. In younger individuals, head trauma is the most common cause of brain bleeding. Drug abuse is another common cause in individuals of all ages since it weakens the blood vessels.

Wednesday, October 24, 2018

Emergency Room Visits in Southern California Increase


Thursday, October 4, 2018

Antibiotic-Resistant Disease - MRSA


For more than a decade, Dr. Zachary Lutsky worked as an emergency physician at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles. As a medical professional, Dr. Zachary Lutsky has concerns regarding antibiotic-resistant diseases, one of the best-known of which is methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA).

MRSA causes infections in various parts of the body and occurs when certain strains of staphylococcus aureus (staph) infect the body. Unlike typical staph infections, MRSA resists commonly-used antibiotics, making it more difficult to treat. Since it was first discovered in 1961, this bacterium has developed resistance to most common antibiotics, and regularly develops new resistances. About one in 50 people carry the disease, though most lack infections.

While MRSA most commonly occurs in hospitals, which may contain many immunocompromised patients who spread the disease, it can also occur in otherwise healthy people outside of hospitals. These infections often occur when large numbers of people congregate in close quarters regularly, such as athletes, military personnel, and prison inmates. Those in these categories should take care to have any strange bumps, sores, or infections assessed by a medical professional.

Friday, September 21, 2018

Addressing the Issue of Antibiotic Resistance


Zachary Lutsky, MD, graduated at the top of his class at RFU/Chicago Medical School before going on to become an accomplished emergency physician, including at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, where he served for more than a decade. Throughout his career, Dr. Zachary Lutsky has had an interest in topics such as antibiotic resistance.

Posing a significant risk to public health, antibiotic resistance arises primarily from an overprescription of antibiotics. As urgent care centers across the country prescribe antibiotics for the common cold and other viral ailments unaffected by antibiotics, patients become at risk for gut issues and allergic reactions.

The Journal of the American Medical Association recently published a study from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention indicating that 30 percent or more of antibiotic prescriptions are gratuitous. This overprescription may lead to a loss of antibiotic effectiveness.

To combat this problem, the White House issued The National Action Plan for Combating Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria in 2015, setting a goal for decreasing overprescription by half within five years. Some groups have tackled the issue by providing lists of non-antibiotic alternative prescriptions and requiring that the reason for prescribing an antibiotic be indicated in patients’ electronic health record.